Sunday, July 5, 2015

Sunday Sweets!

Sunday is full of SWEETS!  Each week we will showcase the sweeter side of Cairns.  If you have a sweet filled Cairn and would like us to consider YOUR picture for an upcoming "Sunday Sweets!" send it to us at cpcrnblog@gmail.com (All photo submissions become the property of CPCRN and may be used for fundraising, promotion and/or outreach purposes.).

Zander, Bea, and Neha

Cody fka CP Snuggles

Foster Ralph LB

Foster Presto

Foster Ticket

Tess, Gabby, Rocky, and Missy

Foster Peanut Buster

Foster Aggie

Tahoe


Life is a Parade for some Sweet Cairns!









Friday, July 3, 2015

Teach your Cairn to Come and Stay!

"Come!" is a great tool - one you can use anywhere - that will help your Cairn burn off energy and quite possibly keep both of you safe and happy!

Teaching your Cairn to "Come" and "Stay" can be lots of fun, but it can also provide an extra measure of safety in an emergency situation.  This excellent video by Zak George demonstrates how to teach your Cairn to "Come" and "Stay", using positive training methods.  There is a spot of advertising by his sponsor, but it does not detract from this really helpful video.  Obviously, the dog is not a Cairn, but everything Zak demonstrates applies perfectly to a Rescued Cairn.  Note his admonitions to go slowly, take small steps which you can build on, and set your dog up for success!



Training your Cairn can be Lots of Fun!



Thursday, July 2, 2015

Getting Ready for Fireworks!

Contributed by a CP Volunteer (originally posted 7/2/09)

Caruso's Mom & Dad plan ahead to keep him calm during stressful situations

We all want to keep our dogs safe and secure in stressful situations, and fireworks can scare them.  Some dogs will exhibit signs of fear that can include pacing, panting, trembling, salivating, trying to escape and/or barking.  Many dogs will actually injure themselves when trying to escape.  (I've even seen dogs that were hit by a car when they tried to flee from noises.)  What can you do to help keep your dog stay calm during the fireworks this weekend?

Here are some suggestions:

1. Consider not taking your dog to the fireworks display.  Make sure that your dog will be calm at home, or stay home with your dog during the fireworks.  Keep your dog confined in a comfortable location, if possible.  Walk your dog BEFORE the fireworks start.

2. Don't try too hard to reassure your dog during a fearful event with petting, soothing words, or extra attention.  This can sometimes exacerbate the problem by reinforcing your dog's fearful response.

3. Some dogs are very sensitive to people's moods and may be influenced by the way that you react to the noise.  It is best to act happy and upbeat or to redirect your dog's attention to some absorbing activity.

4. If you must leave your dog at home alone during the fireworks, consider what would make your dog most comfortable.  Bring your dog indoors.  Would he feel safest in a crate?  Try turning on the radio, television, fan or air conditioner as "white noise".  Make sure you provide a comfortable hiding place or "safe place" for your dog in case he is scared during the fireworks.

5. Pet anxiety studies have shown that music can have a calming effect on a stressed out pet.  I would recommend the Music My Pet CD.  This musical CD was created for the specific purpose of calming pets.  The classical music tracks were arranged to have a smooth soothing dynamic from beginning to end.  And the music is performed using only those instruments that have been proven to have a calming effect on pets (like the harp, flute and piano).  Try playing the CD before the fireworks begin to get your dog into a relaxed state, and continue playing it throughout the fireworks.

So, the best way to deal with this issue is to be prepared.  Before the fireworks begin, anticipate your dog's reaction to these loud noises.  Whenever possible try to avoid exposing your dog to fireworks.  If this is not possible, do everything that you can to make your dog feel more comfortable and secure.  Talk to your dog in a light, cheerful tone that sends a comforting message that the noise is no big deal.  Encourage your dog to find a quiet restful place to wait out the noise.

Have a happy and safe 4th of July and take some time to be sure that your pets do too!!
Jasper and Madison


Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Wacky Wednesday!



Wednesday is the day to be WACKY!  Each week we will showcase a terrierific Cairn picture with an appropriate caption.  If you would like us to consider YOUR picture and caption for an upcoming "Wacky Wednesday" send it to us at cpcrnblog@gmail.com!  All photo submissions become the property of CPCRN and may be used for fundraising, promotion and/or outreach purposes.

A big shout out to Caruso for being our Wacky Wednesday model this week!




Sunday, June 28, 2015

Sunday Sweets!

Sunday is full of SWEETS!  Each week we will showcase the sweeter side of Cairns.  If you have a sweet filled Cairn and would like us to consider YOUR picture for an upcoming "Sunday Sweets!" send it to us at cpcrnblog@gmail.com (All photo submissions become the property of CPCRN and may be used for fundraising, promotion and/or outreach purposes.).

Caruso

Foster Taffeta

Cody fka CP Snuggles

Brawney fka CP Brawney Lad

Sweet Bea

Brody fka CP Deano

Toby

Willie

Emma Loo fka CP Plumeria

Foster Bogedin

Foster Sam Malone

Foster Muggsy

Rheita

Shane

Cindel and Caruso












Friday, June 26, 2015

Easy Housetraining Video!

Teaching proper potty habits takes time, consistency, and patience, but is well worth the effort, and this is true for puppies as well as older Rescued Cairns!

Teaching your Cairn to potty where you want the "business" taken care of can be frustrating, as a puppy or an older Rescued dog.  This excellent video by Zak George demonstrates how to teach your Cairn to be comfortable in a crate and where the potty spot is located, using positive training methods.  There is a spot of advertising by his sponsor, but it does not detract from this really helpful video.  Obviously, the dog is not a Cairn, but everything Zak demonstrates applies perfectly to a Rescued Cairn.  Note his admonitions to control your dog's environment, go slowly, take small steps which you can build on, and set your dog up for success!



Training your Cairn can be Rewarding!



Friday's Funnies!

Off the Leash

Thursday, June 25, 2015

Understanding Resource Guarding

Resource Guarding is a natural instinct, brought on by anxiety, especially in a dog who is under-confident about other things in his life.  The very best course of action is to avoid situations that threaten the dog and its possessions.  Allow your dog to chew in peace when appropriate and never try and take the toy away except as part of a positive exchange.

Resource Guarding

What is resource guarding?

Resource guarding (RG) is when a dog has possession of an object that he/she thinks is valuable, and is growling/snapping/biting in an effort to protect/keep that object.  

The object may be something we deem silly, for example, a piece of Kleenex is a common object dogs guard...or even empty bowls.  Some dogs will even guard spots, like a bed or couch.  And in few, rarer cases dogs will see their owner is a resource and guard that person.
 
Why does my dog do this?

Generally speaking, RG is a genetic, inborn behavior.  This behavior evolved because in the wild, possession of something is important, and not allowing that thing to be stolen is a matter of life and death.  Many dogs retain this behavior, despite there being ample resources.  Just like hunting, playing, and mating, RG is a survival skill built into the dog.

In some cases, RG can be learned.  This happens most often when a bored dog starts to chew objects.  The owner approaches and removes the object, often times scolding the dog.  Unfortunately, this only teaches the dog to steal/chew objects out of the owner’s sight to avoid punishment, and/OR it will teach him that he needs to protect the object from the owner, as he sees the owner as a thief.
 
Things like anxiety, being in a new home, or the addition of another dog or pet can increase these behaviors, or cause them to appear seemingly spontaneously.  Dogs that are under-confident in other aspects of their lives tend to be guarders.


This puppy is at the first level of warning, freezing in place and giving a hard stare, his paw on his toy, because his Alpha sister is standing right there, ready to jump in and grab his special toy.  Know the signs so you can avoid trouble!  The timely distraction of a training session, with “sits” and “downs” and great treats, avoided further escalation in this case.

What’s with all the biting, snapping, growling?

These behaviors are part of the dogs hierarchy of warnings.  The warnings play out like this:

  • Freezing in place/hard staring
  • Placing face against the object, putting more paws on the object
  • Lip lifting
  • Growling
  • Warning/air snapping (these will not make contact)
  • Warning snaps with contact (does not break skin)
  • Biting that breaks skin
  • Full attack fight that must be broken up.

Generally speaking, most dogs will travel up the hierarchy, over time, giving stronger and stronger warnings, until they finally end up biting or attacking.  Now, how hard the dog bites, depends on his learned bite inhibition.  Bite inhibition is learned as a puppy from littermates, and from his owners when he comes home.  If a dog has good bite inhibition, he will be very restrained in his bites, if he has poor control, he may bite very hard, and sooner than a dog with better control.

Some dogs go up this hierarchy, gradually, over time.  For example a dog being pestered by another dog while he eats may progress over weeks or months until they finally fight, but other dogs may go up the warning hierarchy VERY quickly - so quickly that they run through all the signals in a blink of an eye.  These are the types of dogs that many people site as “biting without warning".  What actually is happening is perhaps the owner did not see the signals, or chose to ignore or punish the lower level signals.

The point being, dogs do not want to attack over their object, they want to do everything possible to keep their object, but without causing harm, this is ritualized aggression.  Its when the issue is pushed (for example a human that continues to take objects away despite warnings, or another dog that continues to bully the RG) the dog's behavior can, and usually does, escalate.
 
Should I use corrections to stop this?
Isn't my dog trying to dominant me?

Dogs that RG are not trying to climb a social ladder, or overthrow the humans as the "leader".  In fact, these are the dogs in the household with confidence or anxiety issues. These are dogs that are, in a sense, "paranoid" that everyone is out to get their "valued thing".  Confident dogs do not feel the need to RG most objects, as they are positive no one is even going to try to take their stuff.
 
However, most "normal" dogs, with average to high confidence, may guard something of very high value - like a piece of raw meat, a new toy, etc. - when the dog doesn't normally get to have those things.  It is the abnormally high value of the object that elicits the behavior.
 
Strangers can also create the behavior.  A dog that would never RG from the family may snap at a guest, the anxiety from not knowing the person as well triggers the behavior.  Or, in the case of a party or gathering at the house, the dog may simply be over-stimulated.

Corrections for this behavior, such as yelling at the dog, making hissing sounds, physically punishing the dog, poking him, or removing the object as punishment are all methods with a very high likelihood of backfiring, plus making the behavior worse.  Since this is often anxiety based, punishment will only increase anxiety, and also damage your relationship with your dog.  It puts you two in conflict every time he finds an object he likes.

What should I do first?

First, we want to manage (prevent) the behavior as much as possible.  Pick up your clothes and things, remove dog toys and treats from the floor, moving and covering trashcans, and so forth.  Use x-pens and baby gates to keep your dog out of areas where he is going to find objects to guard.
 
The reason this is so important is that every time the dog practices the behavior, it is becoming more and more ingrained.  Preventing it helps keep the dog at the level he/she is already at, while you implement training.  If the dog guards food/food bowls, feed him separately from other dogs, preferably in his own room or crate.
 
For dogs that guard food bowls/food management:
 
If the dog is being aggressive with humans, one of the best things you can start is hand-feeding ALL meals.  Many dogs do not make the connection that food comes from YOU, and instead think it magically appears in their magic bowl (hence guarding an empty bowl).
 
Couch/bed guarding management:

Attaching a short leash to help guide the dog off the spot will work in an emergency, but placing cardboard boxes or other objects on the surface that discourage usage is preferred.  Also remember to close doors or use baby gates to keep the dog away from the surface they guard.

Make sure to discuss the management plan with all family members so that everyone is on board and there is a better chance of success.

Ok, so I am preventing the behavior, can I start training now?

Yes, but first...

All this training advice is meant as a guideline.  Different dogs will progress at different rates due to temperament, history, environment, handler skill, and so forth.  It is very important to understand that RG takes a decent amount of time to "fix" with most dogs, and the training will have to be repeated, from the beginning, with all other family members to ensure the dog has generalized the behavior.  Patience is key.

Also, if your dog is breaking skin, you are otherwise afraid or intimidated by your dog, or you in any way feel you may be harmed (dog size is a factor to consider), then its time to hire a professional to help you.  Keep in mind, most trainers are not experienced in aggression cases and will not take them on.  Also be aware that many of the trainers that agree to take on aggression cases may not be truly qualified to do so.  Your best bet is to select your trainer very wisely or hire a good behaviorist, in either case, one who understands and practices Relationship Based Training.


Read About Relationship Based Training Tips from Suzanne Clothier:


Watch a Great Video about Relationship Based Training Tips by Zak George:




Wednesday, June 24, 2015

Wacky Wednesday!



Wednesday is the day to be WACKY!  Each week we will showcase a terrierific Cairn picture with an appropriate caption.  If you would like us to consider YOUR picture and caption for an upcoming "Wacky Wednesday" send it to us at cpcrnblog@gmail.com!  All photo submissions become the property of CPCRN and may be used for fundraising, promotion and/or outreach purposes.

A big shout out to Rocky for being our Wacky Wednesday model this week!




Sunday, June 21, 2015

Summer Sunday Sweets!


It's Summer - a great time to sit back and relax with a nice cool drink and some Sweets!  Please take a moment and watch our New Video, a perfect and diet-friendly comfort food for your soul!

Col. Potter Sunday Sweets!  Favorites Volume VI

You can view the video right here on the Blog or click the link below and watch it Full Screen on You Tube for maximum enjoyment!


If it's Sunday, it must be full of Sweets!

Click on this link to view it on YouTube:
http://youtu.be/2_DTXA6fj4k






Friday, June 19, 2015

Baby on the Way? Prepare Your Cairn for Change!

It is critically important, for everyone's safety and well-being, to prepare your Cairn for change well before your new baby arrives!

Preparing your Cairn for major changes is never more important than when a new baby is on the way.  Many Cairns find themselves in Rescue, shelters, or worse, simply because there was no preparation in advance.  This is another wonderful video by Zak George which demonstrates how to teach your Cairn to remain calm with a new baby in the home, all using positive training methods.  There is a spot of advertising by his sponsor, but it does not detract from this really helpful video.  Obviously, the dog is not a Cairn, but everything Zak demonstrates applies perfectly to a Rescued Cairn.  Note his admonitions to go slowly, take small steps which you can build on, and set your dog up for success!



Training your Cairn is essential for a great life!



Friday's Funnies!

Off the Leash

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Teach Your Cairn Not to Run Out the Door!

"Look at me!" is a key element in teaching your Cairn not to rush out an open door - but there's so much more!

This is another really great video by Zak George which demonstrates how to teach your Cairn not to rush out the door with "Sit/Stay" "Leave it" and "Look at me" commands, using positive training methods.  There is a spot of advertising by his sponsor, but it does not detract from this really helpful video.  Obviously, the dog is not a Cairn, but everything Zak demonstrates applies perfectly to a Rescued Cairn.  Note his admonitions to go slowly, take precautions, and set your dog up for success!



Training your Cairn can be rewarding!



Wednesday, June 17, 2015

Wacky Wednesday!



Wednesday is the day to be WACKY!  Each week we will showcase a terrierific Cairn picture with an appropriate caption.  If you would like us to consider YOUR picture and caption for an upcoming "Wacky Wednesday" send it to us at cpcrnblog@gmail.com!  All photo submissions become the property of CPCRN and may be used for fundraising, promotion and/or outreach purposes.

A big shout out to Wicket for being our Wacky Wednesday model this week!




Sunday, June 14, 2015

Sunday Sweets!

Sunday is full of SWEETS!  Each week we will showcase the sweeter side of Cairns.  If you have a sweet filled Cairn and would like us to consider YOUR picture for an upcoming "Sunday Sweets!" send it to us at cpcrnblog@gmail.com (All photo submissions become the property of CPCRN and may be used for fundraising, promotion and/or outreach purposes.).

Macie and Sydney have Sweet down pat!

Gracie fka CP Ling

Foster Jettsz

Foster Winchester

Penny and Dougie

Foster True Blue

Nessie fka CP Sandals

Canuck, Walker, and Foxy

Macie

Janna and ChaChi

Skye La

Four Grooms and a Bride's Maid

Sweet Defi